The SECOND Trial is a partnership among the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), American College of Surgeons (ACS), American Board of Surgery (ABS), Association of Program Directors in Surgery (APDS), Society of Surgical Chairs (SSC), Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), and Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center (SOQIC) at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

The ACS and ACGME will not have access to any program-level data. Data collected are stored and analyzed by SOQIC at Northwestern University.